Electric current and the second law of thermodynamics in the «bottom – up» concept of nanoelectronics

Authors: Kruglyak Yu.A., Remenyak L.V.

Year: 2016

Issue: 20

Pages: 91-109


Within the «bottom – up» concept of modern nanoelectronics flows of electrons and heat through a conductor taking into account a respective environment are studied and equilibrium thermodynamics of an energized conductor is developed with emphasis of the role of the Fock states in such concept, accumulation of information in a non-equilibrium state is discussed together with a detailed analysis of the model of information-driven battery and its connection with the Landauer principle on minimum amount of energy required to erase one bit of information which was experimentally proved recently. The concept of quantum entropy is introduced and some aspects of its application are discussed, and topicality of integration of spintronics and magnetronics in connection with upcoming transfer to the spin architecture of computing devices is emphasized. Also a question with respect to possibility of electron cloning in a certain state in the form of numerous identical electrons with the same wave functions is discussed. There are no theorems prohibiting such cloning. It is only necessary to inject numerous electrons prepared in the same way and then to carry out competent processing of measured results. All these issues are dealt by rapidly developing quantum informatics. But it is already obvious that the spin of an electron in comparison with its charge opens up qualitatively new perspectives for information processing.

Tags: information capacity; Landauer principle; nanoelectronics; nanophysics; resistor thermodynamics


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